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2:28 | 27.02.2020
Innovative Industrial Properties Reports Fourth Quarter and Full-Year 2019 Results

Innovative Industrial Properties, Inc. (“IIP”), the first and only real estate company on the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE: IIPR) focused on the regulated U.S. cannabis industry, announced today results for the fourth quarter and year ended December 31, 2019, the third full year since IIP commenced real estate operations and completed its initial public offering in December 2016.
Fourth Quarter 2019 and Year-to-Date Highlights Financial Results and Financing Activity
IIP generated total revenues of approximately $17.7 million in the quarter, representing a 269% increase from the prior year’s quarter.

IIP recorded net income available to common stockholders of approximately $9.6 million for the quarter, or $0.78 per diluted share, and adjusted funds from operations (“AFFO”) of approximately $14.3 million, or $1.18 per diluted share. AFFO and AFFO per diluted share represented increases of 293% and 211% from the prior year’s quarter, respectively.

IIP paid a quarterly dividend of $1.00 per common share on January 15, 2020 to stockholders of record as of December 31, 2019, representing a 186% increase from the prior year’s quarter and a 28% increase from IIP’s third quarter 2019 dividend of $0.78 per common share.

In September, IIP established an “at-the-market” equity offering program, issuing shares of common stock from September through today for net proceeds totaling approximately $184.8 million.

Subsequent to the end of the quarter, in January, IIP completed an underwritten public offering of 3,412,969 shares of common stock, including the exercise in full of the underwriters’ option to purchase an additional 445,170 shares, resulting in gross proceeds of approximately $250.0 million.
Investment Activity
From October 1, 2019 through today, IIP acquired 20 properties, totaling approximately 1.0 million rentable square feet (including expected rentable square feet upon completion of properties under development), located in Colorado, Florida, Illinois, Michigan, North Dakota, Ohio, Pennsylvania and Virginia, and executed five lease amendments to provide additional tenant improvements at properties located in Arizona, California, Massachusetts and Pennsylvania.

These 20 properties and five lease amendments represented an aggregate investment by IIP of approximately $308.4 million (consisting of purchase prices and development / tenant reimbursement commitments, but excluding transaction costs).

In these transactions, IIP established new tenant relationships with Cresco Labs Inc., GR Companies Inc. (Grassroots), Green Thumb Industries Inc. (GTI) and LivWell Holdings, Inc., while expanding existing tenant relationships with Green Leaf Medical, LLC, Green Peak Industries LLC, Maitri Genetics, LLC, PharmaCann LLC, The Pharm, LLC, Trulieve Cannabis Corp. and Vireo Health, Inc.

From January 1, 2019 through today, IIP has grown its property portfolio from eleven properties comprising approximately 1.0 million rentable square feet in nine states, to 51 properties comprising approximately 3.2 million rentable square feet in 15 states. Also since January 1, 2019, IIP’s total investment in its property portfolio has increased by 307% from $167.4 million to $680.7 million (consisting of purchase prices and development / tenant reimbursement commitments, but excluding transaction costs and approximately $51.5 million in the aggregate, which represents funds that tenants at certain properties may not elect to have IIP disburse to them and pay IIP the corresponding base rent on).
Board of Directors
IIP expanded its board of directors to six members, and appointed Mary Allis Curran, a former senior banking executive, as the sixth member; with Ms. Curran also appointed to serve on the board’s audit committee and nominating and corporate governance committee.
Portfolio Update and Acquisition Activity Portfolio Update
IIP acquired the following properties and made the following additional funds available to tenants for improvements at IIP’s properties during the period from October 1, 2019 through February 26, 2020 (dollars in thousands):
State
 
Closing Date
 
Rentable
Sq. Ft.(1)
 
Purchase
Price(2)
 
Additional
Investment
 
Total
Investment
 

Michigan

 

October 9, 2019

 

 

156,000

 

$

19,000

 

$

23,000

 

$

42,000
(3)
Illinois

 

October 22, 2019

 

 

39,000

 

 

20,700

 

 

250

 

 

20,950
(4)
Illinois

 

October 22, 2019

 

 

51,000

 

 

12,100

 

 

13,500

 

 

25,600
(5)
Florida

 

October 23, 2019

 

 

120,000

 

 

17,000

 

 

 

 

17,000

 

Michigan

 

Various

 

 

31,000

 

 

10,042

 

 

1,245

 

 

11,287
(6)
Illinois

 

October 30, 2019

 

 

66,000

 

 

18,000

 

 

7,000

 

 

25,000
(7)
Illinois

 

October 30, 2019

 

 

120,000

 

 

10,500

 

 

17,725

 

 

28,225
(8)
Pennsylvania

 

November 12, 2019

 

 

148,000

 

 

20,300

 

 

19,300

 

 

39,600
(9)
Pennsylvania

 

December 20, 2019

 

 

72,000

 

 

14,220

 

 

10,880

 

 

25,100
(10)
North Dakota

 

December 20, 2019

 

 

33,000

 

 

9,910

 

 

2,280

 

 

12,190
(11)
Pennsylvania

 

January 14, 2020

 

 

N/A

 

 

N/A

 

 

4,500

 

 

4,500
(12)
Virginia

 

January 15, 2020

 

 

82,000

 

 

11,740

 

 

8,010

 

 

19,750
(13)
Arizona

 

January 16, 2020

 

 

N/A

 

 

N/A

 

 

2,000

 

 

2,000
(14)
Ohio

 

January 24, 2020

 

 

50,000

 

 

10,600

 

 

1,945

 

 

12,545
(15)
California

 

January 28, 2020

 

 

N/A

 

 

N/A

 

 

1,250

 

 

1,250
(16)
Ohio

 

January 31, 2020

 

 

21,000

 

 

2,900

 

 

4,300

 

 

7,200
(17)
Colorado

 

Various

 

 

8,000

 

 

3,300

 

 

850

 

 

4,150
(18)
Pennsylvania

 

February 19, 2020

 

 

N/A

 

 

N/A

 

 

6,000

 

 

6,000
(19)
Massachusetts

 

February 24, 2020

 

 

N/A

 

 

N/A

 

 

4,000

 

 

4,000
(20)
 

 
Totals
 

 
997,000
 
$180,312
 
$128,035
 
$308,347
 
 
(1)

Includes expected rentable square feet at completion of construction.

(2)

Excludes transaction costs.

(3)

The tenant is expected to complete tenant improvements at the property, for which IIP agreed to provide reimbursement of up to $23.0 million. As of February 26, 2020, IIP funded approximately $11.2 million of the reimbursement.

(4)

The tenant is expected to complete tenant improvements at the property, for which IIP agreed to provide reimbursement of up to approximately $250,000. As of February 26, 2020, IIP funded approximately $244,000 of the reimbursement.

(5)

The tenant is expected to complete tenant improvements at the property, for which IIP agreed to provide reimbursement of up to approximately $13.5 million. As of February 26, 2020, IIP funded approximately $9.4 million of the reimbursement.

(6)

The portfolio consists of six retail properties, with one property closing on October 25, 2019, three properties closing on November 4, 2019, one property closing on November 8, 2019 and one property closing on November 25, 2019. The tenant is expected to complete tenant improvements at certain of the properties, for which IIP agreed to provide reimbursement of up to approximately $1.2 million. As of February 26, 2020, IIP had funded approximately $312,000 of the tenant improvement allowance.

(7)

The tenant is expected to perform construction at the property, for which IIP agreed to provide reimbursement of up to $7.0 million. As of February 26, 2020, IIP funded approximately $2.0 million of the reimbursement.

(8)

The tenant is expected to complete tenant improvements at the property, for which IIP agreed to provide reimbursement of up to approximately $17.7 million, of which $10.7 million and $7.0 million are subject to reduction at the tenant’s option before April 30, 2020 and July 30, 2020, respectively. As of February 26, 2020, IIP had funded approximately $1.9 million of the tenant improvement allowance.

(9)

The tenant is expected to complete tenant improvements at the property, for which IIP agreed to provide reimbursement of up to $19.3 million. As of February 26, 2020, IIP had funded approximately $1.0 million of the tenant improvement allowance.

(10)

The tenant is expected to complete tenant improvements at the property, for which IIP agreed to provide reimbursement of up to approximately $10.9 million. As of February 26, 2020, IIP had funded approximately $1.0 million of the tenant improvement allowance.

(11)

The tenant is expected to complete tenant improvements at the property, for which IIP agreed to provide reimbursement of up to approximately $2.3 million. As of February 26, 2020, IIP had funded approximately $1.2 million of the tenant improvement allowance.

(12)

The amount relates to a lease amendment which increased the tenant improvement allowance under a lease at one of IIP’s Pennsylvania properties by $4.5 million to a total of approximately $8.3 million. As of February 26, 2020, IIP had funded $3.4 million of the tenant improvement allowance.

(13)

The tenant is expected to complete tenant improvements at the property, for which IIP agreed to provide reimbursement of up to approximately $8.0 million. As of February 26, 2020, IIP had funded approximately $2.7 million of the tenant improvement allowance.

(14)

The amount relates to a lease amendment which increased the tenant improvement allowance under a lease at one of IIP’s Arizona properties by $2.0 million to a total of $5.0 million. As of February 26, 2020, IIP had funded approximately $4.5 million of the tenant improvement allowance.

(15)

The tenant is expected to complete tenant improvements at the property, for which IIP agreed to provide reimbursement of up to approximately $1.9 million. As of February 26, 2020, IIP had not funded any of the tenant improvement allowance.

(16)

The amount relates to a lease amendment which increased the tenant improvement allowance under a lease at one of IIP’s California properties by approximately $1.3 million. As of February 26, 2020, IIP had funded approximately $1.0 million of the tenant improvement allowance.

(17)

The tenant is expected to complete tenant improvements at the property, for which IIP agreed to provide reimbursement of up to $4.3 million. As of February 26, 2020, IIP had not funded any of the tenant improvement allowance.

(18)

The portfolio consists of two retail properties, with one property closing on February 19, 2020 and one property closing on February 21, 2020. The tenant is expected to complete tenant improvements at one of the properties, for which IIP agreed to provide reimbursement of up to $850,000. As of February 26, 2020, IIP had not funded any of the tenant improvement allowance.

(19)

The amount relates to a lease amendment which increased the tenant improvement allowance under a lease at one of IIP’s Pennsylvania properties by $6.0 million to a total of $16.0 million, which additional allowance may be drawn by the tenant starting on March 1, 2020. As of February 26, 2020, IIP had funded $8.8 million of the tenant improvement allowance.

(20)

The amount relates to a lease amendment and development agreement amendment which increased the construction funding at one of IIP’s Massachusetts properties by $4.0 million for a total of $27.5 million. IIP also canceled a remaining commitment to provide construction funding of $4.0 million for the tenant at one of IIP’s Pennsylvania properties. As of February 26, 2020, IIP had funded approximately $23.0 million of the construction funding at the Massachusetts property.

From January 1, 2019 through February 26, 2020, IIP acquired 40 properties, totaling approximately 2.2 million rentable square feet (including expected rentable square feet upon completion of properties under development), located in Arizona, California, Colorado, Florida, Illinois, Massachusetts, Michigan, Nevada, North Dakota, Ohio, Pennsylvania and Virginia, and executed ten lease amendments to provide additional tenant improvements at properties located in Arizona, California, Illinois, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota and Pennsylvania.

As of February 26, 2020, IIP owned 51 properties located in Arizona, California, Colorado, Florida, Illinois, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, New York, Nevada, North Dakota, Ohio, Pennsylvania and Virginia, totaling approximately 3.2 million rentable square feet (including approximately 871,000 rentable square feet under development/redevelopment), which were 98.9% leased (based on square footage) with a weighted-average remaining lease term of approximately 15.6 years. As of February 26, 2020, IIP had invested approximately $563.2 million in the aggregate (excluding transaction costs) and had committed an additional approximately $117.5 million to reimburse certain tenants and sellers for completion of construction and tenant improvements at IIP’s properties. IIP’s average current yield on invested capital is approximately 13.3% for these 51 properties, calculated as (a) the sum of the current base rents, supplemental rent (with respect to the lease with a tenant at one of IIP’s New York properties) and property management fees (after the expiration of applicable base rent abatement or deferral periods), divided by (b) IIP’s aggregate investment in these properties (excluding transaction costs and including aggregate potential development/redevelopment funding and tenant reimbursements of approximately $117.5 million). These statistics do not include up to approximately $15.9 million that may be funded in the future pursuant to IIP’s lease with a tenant at one of IIP’s Illinois properties, or the approximately $35.7 million that may be funded in the future pursuant to IIP’s lease with a tenant at one of IIP’s Massachusetts properties, as the tenants at those properties may not elect to have IIP disburse those funds to them and pay IIP the corresponding base rent on those funds. These statistics also treat IIP’s Los Angeles, California property as not leased, due to the tenant’s default in its obligation to pay rent at that location in January and February 2020.
Financing Activity
In September 2019, IIP entered into equity distribution agreements with three sales agents, pursuant to which IIP may offer and sell from time to time through an “at-the-market” offering program up to $250 million in shares of its common stock. From September through today, IIP sold shares of its common stock for net proceeds of approximately $184.8 million under this program.

Subsequent to the end of the quarter, in January 2020, IIP completed an underwritten public offering of 3,412,969 shares of common stock, including the exercise in full of the underwriters’ option to purchase an additional 445,170 shares, resulting in gross proceeds of approximately $250.0 million.

IIP expects to use the net proceeds from these offerings to invest in specialized industrial real estate assets that support the regulated medical-use cannabis cultivation and processing industry and for general corporate purposes.
Financial Results
IIP generated total revenues of approximately $17.7 million for the three months ended December 31, 2019, compared to approximately $4.8 million for the same period in 2018, an increase of 269%. IIP generated total revenues of approximately $44.7 million for the year ended December 31, 2019, compared to approximately $14.8 million for 2018, an increase of 202%. The increase in both periods was driven primarily by the acquisition and leasing of new properties, in addition to contractual rental escalations at certain properties.

For the three months ended December 31, 2019, IIP recorded net income available to common stockholders and net income available to common stockholders per diluted share of approximately $9.6 million and $0.78, respectively; funds from operations (“FFO”) and FFO per diluted share of approximately $13.1 million and $1.09, respectively; and AFFO and AFFO per diluted share of approximately $14.3 million and $1.18, respectively. Fourth quarter 2019 AFFO and AFFO per diluted share for the quarter increased by 293% and 211% from the prior year period, respectively.

For the year ended December 31, 2019, IIP recorded net income available to common stockholders and net income available to common stockholders per diluted share of $22.1 million and $2.03, respectively; FFO and FFO per diluted share of $30.7 million and $2.88, respectively; and AFFO and AFFO per diluted share of approximately $34.9 million and $3.27, respectively. 2019 AFFO and AFFO per diluted share increased by 259% and 144% from the prior year, respectively.

FFO and AFFO are supplemental non-GAAP financial measures used in the real estate industry to measure and compare the operating performance of real estate companies. A complete reconciliation containing adjustments from GAAP net income available to common stockholders to FFO and AFFO and definitions of terms are included at the end of this release.
Teleconference and Webcast
Innovative Industrial Properties, Inc. will conduct a conference call and webcast at 10:00 a.m. Pacific Time (1:00 p.m. Eastern Time) on Thursday, February 27, 2020 to discuss IIP’s financial results and operations for the fourth quarter and year ended December 31, 2019. The call will be open to all interested investors through a live audio webcast at the Investor Relations section of IIP’s website at www.innovativeindustrialproperties.com, or live by calling 1-877-328-5514 (domestic) or 1-412-902-6764 (international) and asking to be joined to the Innovative Industrial Properties, Inc. conference call. The complete webcast will be archived for 90 days on IIP’s website. A telephone playback of the conference call will also be available from 12:00 p.m. Pacific Time on Thursday, February 27, 2020 until 12:00 p.m. Pacific Time on Thursday, March 5, 2020, by calling 1-877-344-7529 (domestic), 855-669-9658 (Canada) or 1-412-317-0088 (international) and using access code 10139231.
About Innovative Industrial Properties
Innovative Industrial Properties, Inc. is a self-advised Maryland corporation focused on the acquisition, ownership and management of specialized industrial properties leased to experienced, state-licensed operators for their regulated medical-use cannabis facilities. Innovative Industrial Properties, Inc. has elected to be taxed as a real estate investment trust, commencing with the year ended December 31, 2017. Additional information is available at www.innovativeindustrialproperties.com.
This press release contains statements that IIP believes to be “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the safe harbor provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. All statements other than historical facts are forward-looking statements. When used in this press release, words such as IIP “expects,” “intends,” “plans,” “estimates,” “anticipates,” “believes” or “should” or the negative thereof or similar terminology are generally intended to identify forward-looking statements. Such forward-looking statements are subject to risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from those expressed in, or implied by, such statements. Investors should not place undue reliance upon forward-looking statements. IIP disclaims any obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.INNOVATIVE INDUSTRIAL PROPERTIES, INC.CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS(Unaudited)
(In thousands, except share and per share amounts)

 
Assets
 

 
December 31,
2019
 

 
December 31,
2018
Real estate, at cost:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Land

 

$

 

48,652

 

 

$

 

20,475

 

Buildings and improvements

 

 

382,035

 

 

 

109,425

 

Tenant improvements

 

 

87,344

 

 

 

14,732

 

Construction in progress

 

 

 

 

 

6,298

 

Total real estate, at cost

 

 

518,031

 

 

 

150,930

 

Less accumulated depreciation

 

 

(12,170

)

 

 

(3,571

)

Net real estate held for investment

 

 

505,861

 

 

 

147,359

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

 

82,244

 

 

 

13,050

 

Restricted cash

 

 

35,072

 

 

 

 

Investments

 

 

119,595

 

 

 

120,443

 

Right of use office lease asset

 

 

1,202

 

 

 

 

Other assets, net

 

 

1,883

 

 

 

614

 

Total assets

 

$

 

745,857

 

 

$

 

281,466

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Liabilities and stockholders’ equity
 

 

 

 

 

 

Exchangeable senior notes, net

 

$

 

134,654

 

 

$

 

 

Tenant improvements and construction funding payable

 

 

24,968

 

 

 

2,433

 

Accounts payable and accrued expenses

 

 

3,417

 

 

 

1,968

 

Dividends payable

 

 

12,975

 

 

 

3,759

 

Office lease liability

 

 

1,202

 

 

 

 

Rent received in advance and tenant security deposits

 

 

20,631

 

 

 

9,014

 

Total liabilities

 

 

197,847

 

 

 

17,174

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Commitments and contingencies

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stockholders’ equity

 

 

 

 

 

 

Preferred stock (par value $0.001 per share, 50,000,000 shares authorized: 9.00% Series A cumulative redeemable preferred stock, $15,000 liquidation preference ($25.00 per share), 600,000 shares issued and outstanding at December 31, 2019 and 2018

 

 

 

14,009

 

 

 

 

 

14,009

 

 

Common stock, par value $0.001 per share, 50,000,000 shares authorized: 12,637,043 and 9,775,800 shares issued and outstanding at December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively

 

 

13

 

 

 

 

10

 

 

Additional paid-in-capital

 

 

553,932

 

 

 

260,540

 

Dividends in excess of earnings

 

 

(19,944

)

 

 

(10,267

)

Total stockholders’ equity

 

 

548,010

 

 

 

264,292

 

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity

 

$

 

745,857

 

 

$

 

281,466

 
INNOVATIVE INDUSTRIAL PROPERTIES, INC.CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOMEFor the Three Months and Years Ended December 31, 2019 and 2018(Unaudited)
(In thousands, except share and per share amounts)

 

 
For the Three Months
Ended December 31,
 

 
For the Year Ended
December 31,
 
2019
 

 
2018
 

 
2019
 

 
2018Revenues:
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rental (including tenant reimbursements)

 

$

17,672

 

$

4,783

 

$

44,667

 

$

14,787

 

Total revenues

 

 

17,672

 

 

4,783

 

 

44,667

 

 

14,787

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Expenses:
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Property expenses

 

 

374

 

 

80

 

 

1,315

 

 

445

 

General and administrative expense

 

 

3,151

 

 

1,982

 

 

9,818

 

 

6,375

 

Depreciation expense

 

 

3,545

 

 

914

 

 

8,599

 

 

2,629

 

Total expenses

 

 

7,070

 

 

2,976

 

 

19,732

 

 

9,449

 

Income from operations

 

 

10,602

 

 

1,807

 

 

24,935

 

 

5,338

 

Interest and other income

 

 

1,144

 

 

859

 

 

4,846

 

 

1,647

 

Interest expense

 

 

(1,844

)

 

 

 

(6,306

)

 

 

Net income

 

 

9,902

 

 

2,666

 

 

23,475

 

 

6,985

 

Preferred stock dividend

 

 

(338

)

 

(338

)

 

(1,352

)

 

(1,352

)

Net income available to common stockholders

 

$

9,564

 

$

2,328

 

$

22,123

 

$

5,633

 

Net income available to common stockholders per share:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

 

$

0.79

 

$

0.24

 

$

2.06

 

$

0.76

 

Diluted

 

$

0.78

 

$

0.24

 

$

2.03

 

$

0.75

 

Weighted average shares outstanding:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

 

 

11,905,021

 

 

9,367,148

 

 

10,546,016

 

 

7,138,952

 

Diluted

 

 

12,044,602

 

 

9,515,800

 

 

10,684,068

 

 

7,285,801

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dividends declared per common share

 

$

1.00

 

 

0.35

 

$

2.83

 

$

1.20

 
INNOVATIVE INDUSTRIAL PROPERTIES, INC.CONSOLIDATED FFO AND AFFO
For the Three Months and Years Ended December 31, 2019 and 2018
(Unaudited)
(In thousands, except share and per share amounts)

The table below is a reconciliation of net income available to common stockholders to FFO and AFFO for the three months and years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018:

 

 
For the Three Months
Ended December 31,
 
For the Years Ended
December 31,
 
2019
 
2018
 
2019
 
2018
Net income available to common stockholders

 

$

9,564

 

$

2,328

 

$

22,123

 

$

5,633

 

Real estate depreciation

 

 

3,545

 

 

914

 

 

8,599

 

 

2,629

 

FFO

 

 

13,109

 

 

3,242

 

 

30,722

 

 

8,262

 

Stock-based compensation

 

 

654

 

 

386

 

 

2,495

 

 

1,465

 

Non-cash interest expense

 

 

497

 

 

 

 

1,678

 

 

 

AFFO

 

$

14,260

 

$

3,628

 

$

34,895

 

$

9,727

 

FFO per common share – basic

 

$

1.10

 

$

0.35

 

$

2.91

 

$

1.16

 

FFO per common share – diluted

 

$

1.09

 

$

0.34

 

$

2.88

 

$

1.13

 

AFFO per common share – basic

 

$

1.20

 

$

0.39

 

$

3.31

 

$

1.36

 

AFFO per common share – diluted

 

$

1.18

 

$

0.38

 

$

3.27

 

$

1.34

 

Weighted average shares outstanding:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

 

 

11,905,021

 

 

9,367,148

 

 

10,546,016

 

 

7,138,952

 

Diluted

 

 

12,044,602

 

 

9,515,800

 

 

10,684,068

 

 

7,285,801

 

FFO and FFO per share are operating performance measures adopted by the National Association of Real Estate Investment Trusts, Inc. (NAREIT). NAREIT defines FFO as the most commonly accepted and reported measure of a REIT’s operating performance equal to “net income, computed in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (GAAP), excluding gains (or losses) from sales of property, plus depreciation, amortization and impairment related to real estate properties, and after adjustments for unconsolidated partnerships and joint ventures.”

Management believes that net income, as defined by GAAP, is the most appropriate earnings measurement. However, management believes FFO and FFO per share to be supplemental measures of a REIT’s performance because they provide an understanding of the operating performance of IIP’s properties without giving effect to certain significant non-cash items, primarily depreciation expense. Historical cost accounting for real estate assets in accordance with GAAP assumes that the value of real estate assets diminishes predictably over time. However, real estate values instead have historically risen or fallen with market conditions. IIP believes that by excluding the effect of depreciation, FFO and FFO per share can facilitate comparisons of operating performance between periods. IIP reports FFO and FFO per share because these measures are observed by management to also be the predominant measures used by the REIT industry and by industry analysts to evaluate REITs and because FFO per share is consistently reported, discussed, and compared by research analysts in their notes and publications about REITs. For these reasons, management has deemed it appropriate to disclose and discuss FFO and FFO per share.

Management believes that AFFO and AFFO per share are also appropriate supplemental measures of a REIT’s operating performance. IIP calculates AFFO by adding to FFO certain non-cash and infrequent or unpredictable expenses which may impact comparability, consisting of non-cash stock-based compensation expense and non-cash interest expense.

IIP’s computation of FFO and AFFO may differ from the methodology for calculating FFO and AFFO utilized by other equity REITs and, accordingly, may not be comparable to such REITs. Further, FFO and AFFO do not represent cash flow available for management’s discretionary use. FFO and AFFO should not be considered as an alternative to net income (computed in accordance with GAAP) as an indicator of IIP’s financial performance or to cash flow from operating activities (computed in accordance with GAAP) as an indicator of IIP’s liquidity, nor is it indicative of funds available to fund IIP’s cash needs, including IIP’s ability to pay dividends or make distributions. FFO and AFFO should be considered only as supplements to net income computed in accordance with GAAP as measures of IIP’s operations.
View source version on businesswire.com: https://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20200226006063/en/


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